All Grown Up and No Place to Go

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For American Woman Tech Skiers, it’s Tough to Beat the Band.

Team selections are always a bit of a mystery, and no less so on the US Ski Team. It’s always a mixture of clear calls and tough calls, cool calls and missed calls. Some people are grandfathered onto the team indefinitely. Others can put forth heroic independent efforts, fall a whisker short, and never get the nod. As a US Ski Team executive once reminded all of us athletes: Gravity is fair. That’s about it.

Team selection is especially complicated as shrinking budgets get allocated to a growing number of sports. Notably lacking within the ranks, however, especially in an Olympic year, are women’s technical skiers. There are two active tech skiers on the A Team, and one on the B Team (who actually qualified through her Super G results.) Beyond them comes an all-teenager squad who, while talented, will likely need many years and miles to become consistently competitive internationally. It’s not that the US doesn’t have tech skiers to bridge that gap—it’s just that we don’t acknowledge them as part of the country’s skiing development. Why not? The answer has to do with performance bands.


Three of the top four GS skiers in the country are not on the national team, because they fall outside the “performance bands.” Performance bands are ranges within which athletes must fall based on their age, that essentially raise the bar on qualification criteria as an athlete ages. The bands, based on historical data of international athlete development, are used to predict future performance and to determine which athlete’s are a good bet for development dollars. When used as a flexible guide, the bands are helpful tools. When applied rigidly, however, they can become tourniquets, cutting off the vital flow of talent and experience.

To see the potential limitations of performance bands, look no further than Kristina Riis Johannessen. At age 24, Riis- Johannessen graduated from UVM after racing four years on the NCAA circuit. During that time, other than a few races in Scandinavia over her freshman year holiday break, Riis-Johannessen raced entirely in North America FIS races, where she raised the level of her own skiing and of the entire circuit. That spring she was named to Norway’s Europa Cup (B) Team, and raced two seasons.

Kristina Riis-Johannessen in action  at the Middlebury Snow Bowl. Photo by Dustin Satloff/EISA)

This spring, at age 26, after winning the Overall Europa Cup Title, she was named to the World Cup Team, and is at her athletic peak just heading in to an Olympic year. (As precedent, Norway scooped up Middlebury skier Hedda Berntsen after she graduated, at age 23. Two years later she won SL bronze at the 2001 World Champs.) If Riis-Johannessen were American, at age 24 she would not have been eligible for the B Team. Her only available route—qualifying for the A team—would have been impossible without World Cup starts. Her skiing career would have been over, like it has been with every American female college graduate so far.

From Catamount to Attacking Viking to…Olympian?

Was Norway picking Riis Johannessen after her four years of college racing (on somebody else’s budget)  an efficient use of resources or a waste of them? Similarly, does it make sense to invest heavily in athletes before college, then categorically walk away from that investment when the athletes pass a statistical line? I asked these questions last winter in Stay Classy, when marveling at the high level of skiing amongst the top collegiate women skiers. Looking at the end of year standings, and the tech-starved US Ski Team roster, I ask them again, with a related follow-up: Does it also make sense, for younger athletes and the US Ski Team, to invest in each other when history indicates that those athletes will likely relive this incomplete athletic lifecycle?


This also happens to be graduation season, when wisdom bombs get dropped in the form of commencement addresses. The one delivered by Chicago Cubs President Theo Epstein at Yale seemed especially appropriate for US Skiing. Specifically, the “heads up” paradigm shift Epstein embraced while reinventing the Cubs supports the case for a broader approach to skier development.

Epstein talks about the difference between a heads down and heads up philosophy: “… some players—and some of us—go through our careers with our heads down, focused on our craft and our tasks, keeping to ourselves, worrying about our numbers or our grades, pursuing the next objective goal, building our resumes, protecting our individual interests. Other players — and others amongst us — go through our careers with our heads up, as real parts of a team, alert and aware of others, embracing difference, employing empathy, genuinely connecting, putting collective interests ahead of our own.”

Later, Epstein explains how his own thinking evolved to a heads up approach: “… Early in my career, I used to think of players as assets, statistics on a spreadsheet I could use to project future performance and measure precisely how much they would impact our team on the field. I used to think of teams as portfolios, diversified collections of player assets paid to produce up to their projections to ensure the organization’s success. My head had been down. That narrow approach worked for a while, but it certainly had its limits. I grew and my teambuilding philosophy grew as well. The truth – as our team proved in Cleveland — is that a player’s character matters. The heartbeat matters. Fears and aspirations matter. The player’s impact on others matters. The tone he sets matters. The willingness to connect matters. Breaking down cliques and overcoming stereotypes in the clubhouse matters. Who you are, how you live among others — that all matters…”


When looking at ski racers and their potential through Epstein’s paradigm, the strength gained through succeeding at the top level of college racing matters. Maximizing every precious moment of training, maturing emotionally and physically, managing oneself independently yet working together as a team, finding and funding independent off-season training, pursuing this sport passionately and wholeheartedly while fulfilling rigorous academic demands—it all matters. The fact that these women do all of the above, despite the consistent affirmation from the top that no level of achievement will make them worthy of investment past the age of 22, makes the level of commitment even more remarkable.

Ski racing in this country has unique challenges including geography, cost, lack of government funding, cultural apathy and societal education/career expectations. It also has unique advantages of population, top skiing and athletic facilities, economic opportunities and an entrepreneurial, innovative spirit. Perhaps most importantly, we are the only country in the world with a fully-developed, highly competitive collegiate ski racing system. Why not shift our development paradigm, pull our heads up from statistics and projections, and exploit our unique advantages? At most, every year a small handful of women may earn special consideration around the bands. Giving those few their hard-earned recognition, however, will send a message of encouragement to a huge number of girls and women who might then dare to dream of following in their tracks.

We are so lucky, in this Olympic season, that Killington will again host the November World Cups. What a perfect opportunity to showcase and launch the absolute fastest women tech skiers we have. Period. It starts now, by picking our heads up from the spreadsheets, seeing our fastest skiers and actively seeking ways to connect them all with the best training possible. Or, in the words of one seasoned observer: “Stop playing God and start creating opportunities!”

Amen to that.

27 thoughts on “All Grown Up and No Place to Go”

  1. Amen,
    Amazing writting!
    Your words continue to inspire me and fellow patrollers!

    “Gravity is fair”

    Sad but true!!

    Summer, walk, jog, prey , eat, sleep, smile.

    • Thanks Paul! I appreciate you reading. Hope you have a great summer and we see you in Killington this year!

  2. Great article Eddy, time to sink some of that money spent in the office and shift it to the athletes

    • Well there’s a thought! I know we all want the same thing. I guess it’s just hard to change a way of thinking that is so firmly entrenched. Thanks for reading!

    • I know you’ve lived it! Thanks for reading. Come visit the east sometime. Fresh pow on Superstar. Ok, maybe not totally fresh. We miss you!

  3. What a great read Edie!

    I particularity love the “Heads Up” approach, it really does matter in life!

    & I love this gem from your bio:
    ” When my teammates reminisce, it’s not about the wins or losses. It’s about all the space between.”
    SO TRUE!


    • Great to hear from you and thanks so much for reading and chiming in. So true, huh? I remember a lot more about the van rides and the crazy canceled races and the sketchy hotels. Hope you are well!

    • Thanks for reading. I know you are seeing it all close range! I sure hope those incoming freshman are inspired to keep killing it!

  4. Awesome article and spot on. Our college system recruits and trains great athletes, many of which are from other countries. Regardless of gender we need to take advantage of this. This will help develop our athletes in a true mind/ body spirit and we will have a pool of talent that is more representative of our country’s true ability.

    • I think that’s what I liked most about Epstein’s speech. He was able to change his own way of thinking and see the value to a team of developing good people and teammates vs just good athletes. Thanks for reading!

    • Thank you John! Hopefully it sparks some good conversations with the ski peeps and we can work together to figure out a better way.

  5. From a Padres intern to the World Champ Cubs GM, Theo has seen both the heads down and heads up approach. Glad there are some heads up advocates. Thanks for this.

    • Thanks for reading! We’re all in this together. Same team same team! Hopefully we can start playing that way.

    • Thanks for reading BA! The Cochran clan, always keeping the level as high as possible as long as possible as locally as possible is such an inspiration to us all!

  6. Well said, great article, I love the heads up approach, it all does matter, and maturity is so important.

    • It really is important! And you never know how much it helps until you get there. Thanks for reading and let’s hope for more heads up.

  7. Very sage words Edie, from a women who lived and experienced this first hand. I hope someone is listening…

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